Are contraceptive pills good for you? What are the side effects in using these contraceptives?
A lot of women are concerned not only of the present effects of medications but also the long term effects they would be facing when using any medications.
Birth control pills work by preventing ovulation inside a woman’s body. No egg to be produced hence nothing to be fertilized by the sperm. Pregnancy would not occur.
Common side effects of oral contraceptives:
- Intermenstrual spotting
Difference in vaginal bleeding is common between expected periods. This usually takes within the first 3 months of taking the pill.
Having this bleeding means that the uterus is adjusting to having a thinner endometrial lining or having different levels of hormones.
Sometimes others experience mild nausea upon taking the pill but subdues after a while. Taking the pill with food or before sleeping may help. If this condition persists for more than 3 months, consult your doctor.
- Breast tenderness
Birth control pills may cause breast enlargement or tenderness. This normally occurs a few weeks after taking the pill. A lump in the breast or persisting pain or tenderness or severe breast pain are the conditions wherein you should ask for medical help.
Tip: reduce caffeine and salt intake. Also, wear a supportive bra.
- Headaches and migraine
Hormonal changes in taking a pill increases the chance of having headaches and migraine.
Symptoms normally improve over time, but if severe headaches continues when are taking the pill, you should seek medical advice.
Tip: Use a low-dose pill to reduce the incidence of headaches.
- Weight gain
Fluid retention usually occurs, especially around the breasts and hips.
Most studies have found an average weight gain of under 4.4 pounds (2 kilograms) at 6 or 12 months with progestin-only birth control. Studies of other birth control methods showed the same gain.
- Mood changes
Studies show that these pills may affect the taker’s mood and increase the risk of depression or other emotional changes. Anyone experiencing mood changes during pill use should contact their doctors.
- Missed periods
A period can still be missed despite proper pill use. Stress, illness, travel, and hormonal or thyroid abnormalities can influence this missed periods.
If a period is missed or is very light while using the pill, a pregnancy test is recommended before starting the next pack. Every now and then, it is unusually for the flow to be very light or missed altogether. If concerned, ask for medical advice.
- Decreased libido
The hormones present in pills might affect s*x drive or libido in some people. If this condition is quite alarming, this should be addressed to your doctor.
In some cases, birth control pills can increase libido, for example, by removing concerns about pregnancy and reducing the painful symptoms of menstrual cramping, premenstrual syndrome, endometriosis, and uterine fibroids.
- Vaginal discharge
Upon taking the pill, vaginal discharges changes may occur. It may be an increase or decrease in vaginal lubrication or a change in the nature of the discharge.
These changes are not usually harmful, but variations in color or odor could indicate an infection.
- Eye changes
Hormonal changes have been linked to a thickening of the cornea in the eyes. Use of contraceptives has not been associated with a higher risk of eye disease, but it may mean that contact lenses no longer fit comfortably.
Do not hesitate to seek medical advice if you might be experiencing these symptoms. Love your body for the way it is and listen to it.
Source: Medical News Today