Vertigo is a condition manifested by an extreme feeling of dizziness. A person experiencing vertigo may feel that things around are spinning or moving. The condition may last sometime and can be distressing in such a way that it may negatively affect performing the usual activities.
The truth is that vertigo is an underlying symptom of other health problems. That’s why if you’re experiencing vertigo you need to seek medical intervention immediately.
Common signs of vertigo symptoms
The vertigo symptoms may last for seconds or some days. Some of the symptoms that manifest are the following:
- Extreme dizziness
- Difficulty balancing
- Ringing sound in the ears/loss of hearing
- Abnormal movement of the eye
What causes vertigo?
The most common cause of vertigo is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or the changing of head position. Severe headache may also trigger vertigo and side effects of medications as well.
How to diagnose vertigo?
By assessing the vertigo symptoms, the doctor may rule out vertigo. Aside from checking the medical history, the doctor may employ physical examination such as the eye movements and checking inside the ears.
The doctor may also refer you to an ENT specialist or audiovestibular physician for further evaluation and treatment.
There’s no exact treatment for vertigo, but the symptoms can be treated if not prevented. If vertigo is caused by BPPV, specific treatments can be employed such as Epley maneuver or Brandt-Daroff exercises.
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Medications can be administered if vertigo is caused by Meniere’s disease or vestibular neuronitis. If the person has been experiencing BPPV for long time and other treatments don’t help, a procedure can be done to unblock the ear canals.